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Geneva Notes on St. Matthew 15:1-20, 16:5-12

Matthew 15:00

Mt 15:1
15:1 {1} Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of
Jerusalem, saying,

(1) None commonly are more bold condemners of God, then they
whom God has appointed keepers of his law.

Mt 15:2
15:2 Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the
elders? for they {a} wash not their hands when they eat
bread.

(a) Which they received handed down from their ancestors,
or their elders allowed, who were the governors of the
Church.

Mt 15:3
15:3 {2} But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also
transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?

(2) Their wicked boldness in corrupting the commandments of
God (and that upon the pretence of godliness) and usurping
authority to make laws, is reproved here.

Mt 15:4
15:4 For God commanded, saying, {b} Honour thy father and
mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die
the death.

(b) By honour is meant every duty which children owe to
their parents.

Mt 15:5
15:5 But ye say, {c} Whosoever shall say to [his] father or
[his] mother, [It is] a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest
be profited by me;

(c) The meaning is this: whatever I bestow upon the
temple, is to your profit, for it is as good as if I
gave it to you, for (as the Pharisees of our time say)
it will be meritorious for you: for under this form of
religion, they gathered all to themselves, as though he
that had given anything to the temple, had done the
duty of a child.

Mt 15:6
15:6 And honour not his father or his mother, [he shall be
free]. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none {d}
effect by your tradition.

(d) As much as you could, you destroyed the power and
authority of the commandment: for otherwise the
commandments of God stand fast in the Church of God, in
spite of the world and Satan.

Mt 15:7
15:7 {3} [Ye] hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you,
saying,

(3) The same men are condemned for hypocrisy and superstition,
because they made the kingdom of God to consist of outward
things.

Mt 15:10
15:10 {4} And he called the multitude, and said unto them, Hear,
and understand:

(4) Christ teaches us that the hypocrisy of false teachers who
deceive our souls is not to be endured at all, not even in
small matters, and there is no reason why their office or
position should blind our eyes: otherwise we are likely to
perish with them.

Matthew 16:00

Mt 16:5
16:5 {2} And when his disciples were come to the other side,
they had forgotten to take bread.

(2) False teachers must be taken warning of.

Mt 16:8
16:8 [Which] when Jesus {d} perceived, he said unto them, O ye
of little faith, why reason ye among yourselves, because ye
have brought no bread?

(d) Not by others, but by virtue of his divinity.

Mt 16:9
16:9 Do ye not yet understand, neither remember the {e} five
loaves of the five thousand, and how many baskets ye took
up?

(e) That five thousand men were filled with so many loaves?

Mt 16:11
16:11 How is it that ye do not {f} understand that I {g} spake
[it] not to you concerning bread, that ye should beware of
the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees?

(f) A demand or question joined with wonder.
(g) "Spake" for commanded.

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